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How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251 

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Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
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Publicēšanas datums

 

21 feb 2021

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komentāri 100   
SmarterEveryDay
SmarterEveryDay Pirms 13 dienām
1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!
Javic167
Javic167 Pirms 12 Minūtes
I guess why the rest of the candles is called a Klinker is because of the German word Klinkerstein, which are stones usually used for building houses, which have a kinda similar structure inside of them, to preserve air and isolate the house well. Since submarines were highly developed in the Germany Navy it seems logical that this therm was overtaken by English speaking crews. YAW.
Leo
Leo Pirms 22 Stundām
YOU, SmarterEveryDay, NEED to go register to be on the spaceflight around the moon in 2023. It closes Mar 14th. How? Google "Elon Musk Moon"
Elizabeth Cullum Hart
Elizabeth Cullum Hart Pirms 2 dienām
@MackASmack LickadySlap My first investment with Karen asnin Whitby earned me profit of over $350,530 US dolla ever since then he has been delivering
Snoop Dogg
Snoop Dogg Pirms 3 dienām
What if it goes boom
Daye Jung
Daye Jung Pirms 3 dienām
Dustin, it would be cool if you talked about sonic booms underwater.
RB
RB Pirms 5 Minūtes
I still missed why lighting the candle on the sub doesn't burn up the oxygen rather than produce it? Thanks
SUNSEA5
SUNSEA5 Pirms 54 Minūtes
Thanks so much! I got a little smarter today! Who knew.
Meh
Meh Pirms 2 Stundām
"I'm from ohio" "Oh"
angel gallegos
angel gallegos Pirms 2 Stundām
Why can’t they put a plant
Sean Williams
Sean Williams Pirms 3 Stundām
Redundancy is always good for systems that keep you alive.
nocola nocola
nocola nocola Pirms 4 Stundām
15:03 NINE INCH NAIL
Jeff Mitchell
Jeff Mitchell Pirms 4 Stundām
"deep dive" .. lol, well played
Patrick Hawthorne
Patrick Hawthorne Pirms 4 Stundām
Looks really old and i would have thought there would be real time status and detection systems everywhere but hey .. what do i know
Jonathan Friesen
Jonathan Friesen Pirms 5 Stundām
Are not gonna talk about that guy's haircut at 12:17 ? That looks manly compared to alot of goofy silly hairstyle nowadays 😜
dlj rocket
dlj rocket Pirms 6 Stundām
All very interestig and informative. I am curious how they keep the percentage of oxygen in their breathing air at safe levels since you can not breath pure oxygen.
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Pirms 5 Stundām
They don’t evacuate the submarine’s atmosphere before they submerge. The nitrogen remains as it isn’t consumed.
random269
random269 Pirms 7 Stundām
Wish he could talk like a normal person.....
Rafael Guillen
Rafael Guillen Pirms 8 Stundām
Since the air we breath is ~79.2% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen, in a sub does the Nitrogen levels remain the same? and if it doesn't, how is it made up to keep the same ratio?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Pirms 5 Stundām
The nitrogen isn’t consumed. It just stays.
The Murph77
The Murph77 Pirms 8 Stundām
Nine inch nail!!
DommoPA
DommoPA Pirms 8 Stundām
Showed China our best subs .... has this been cleared?
Naveen Paraparan
Naveen Paraparan Pirms 8 Stundām
The instinctive sausage concordingly shrug because jaguar distally appear during a maddening hub. incompetent, busy sky
Rainbow Squash
Rainbow Squash Pirms 9 Stundām
Awesome but you don't seem so smart when you mention astronauts, you swallowed that bs lol
WypmanGames
WypmanGames Pirms 9 Stundām
before watching my thoughts/idea have a bunch of plants and small trees around the place that absorb the stuff we breathe out and make the oxigen we breathe in, issue: they use photosynthesis and need sunlight, solution: we can make lamps that give the same effects too, and those lamps can be powered by the engine of the submarine
WypmanGames
WypmanGames Pirms 5 Stundām
@Eddie J. G. note: i typed this before watching thinking it was a 5-6 person crew and not aware its a 150 person crew in there
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Pirms 5 Stundām
How many plants would it take to maintain the atmosphere safe for 150 people? How much fresh water would be needed to maintain the plants?
Enila5
Enila5 Pirms 10 Stundām
19:41 father and son
Juan Gabriel Falcon
Juan Gabriel Falcon Pirms 10 Stundām
Why is the need of scrubbing the CO2? Shouldn't be enough to add the oxygen? (I don't understand why is more CO2 released in the air)
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Pirms 5 Stundām
We exhale CO2... as in, our bodies produce CO2 as a byproduct of metabolism. We’re constantly making CO2.
Klipk
Klipk Pirms 11 Stundām
"So is this you job" LOL
J Steensgaard
J Steensgaard Pirms 12 Stundām
Amazing video as always, but there's one thing i don't understand. Where does the Carbon come from?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Pirms 4 Stundām
@J Steensgaard yes... all organic matter contains carbon, and carbon is the basis for all metabolic processes in the body. We get more by eating it.
J Steensgaard
J Steensgaard Pirms 4 Stundām
@Eddie J. G. But wouldn't that mean that the people are eventually 'emptied' of carbon? The people need to get the carbon into them somehow. Is that all through food?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Pirms 5 Stundām
People.
wabs05
wabs05 Pirms 14 Stundām
So interesting thank you! Will discuss this electrolysis method in my science class
B Person
B Person Pirms 14 Stundām
Do they sing "happy birthday" when they light the candles?
Andrew Murray
Andrew Murray Pirms 15 Stundām
All you need is a bit of greenery - plants produce oxygen and consume CO2 although....a bit hard without sunlight.
Hey Ho
Hey Ho Pirms 15 Stundām
3:33 Who else thought they had a massage area
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda Pirms 16 Stundām
class Delta fire. I like the sound of it.
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda Pirms 16 Stundām
this video is appearing in my recommendations for than a month. I finally clicked it and liked it. LVlocal never fails to amaze.
Sheik S
Sheik S Pirms 17 Stundām
I learn more information about your tips
only pain
only pain Pirms 18 Stundām
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Joe D
Joe D Pirms 18 Stundām
This was an amazing video
Fenrir Nobody
Fenrir Nobody Pirms 19 Stundām
When he said it was "self oxidizing", I realized it was a form of thermite reaction, where O2 was an output of the reaction, released into the atmosphere. Amazing.
Sniperbuddy Dex
Sniperbuddy Dex Pirms 19 Stundām
i dont understand to it... so they are making oxy-hydrogen gas and separating hydrogen and breathable oxygen? because otherwise they could die due to poisoning from "browns gas" and i thought that this process of electrolysis is able to use only in welding technique or cars and not even thinked about it can be used as oxygen generator to submarines. nice video
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Pirms 5 Stundām
We purify water, then we use electrolysis to separate the oxygen from the hydrogen. We discharge the hydrogen overboard and store the oxygen or release the oxygen straight into the air.
dsfgh zxc
dsfgh zxc Pirms 19 Stundām
so... the mea doesn't scrub the carbon off of the co2... it actually takes the co2 out of the air
rollonbc
rollonbc Pirms 19 Stundām
What happens to the co with the lithium hydroxide method?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Pirms 4 Stundām
@rollonbc I don’t know much about rebreathers.
rollonbc
rollonbc Pirms 5 Stundām
@Eddie J. G. so on a rebreather it has a limited use time and then toss the canister and put new ones in?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Pirms 5 Stundām
The lithium hydroxide combines with the CO2 to become lithium carbonate and... just stays that way. We’d just throw it away.
Silvia Fox
Silvia Fox Pirms 20 Stundām
Fun Fact: We are capable of scrubbing the CO2 out of this planet's atmosphere similarly to the way described in this video in amounts equal to or greater than what we produce. We have already built and used facilities to do such, with the largest currently being built in Texas. It is a 1 Megaton atmospheric CO2 plant, which is the equivalent of 14,000,000 trees in that one CO2 plant. It works great and we would only need 40,000 of those facilities across the world to capture all of the CO2 produced on Earth. Sadly all our anti-CO2 funding is going into monetarily inefficient "green ideas" hyped by the mainstream environmentalists funded by certain institutions focused on selfish goals which are not going to help the majority of our people prosper while keeping our environment healthy.
Dalton Cloninger
Dalton Cloninger Pirms 21 Stundas
The Clinkers are named after an old blacksmithing term. When a blacksmith burns coal, some of the coal's impurities cant burn and are left behind, so you end up with a chunk of hard rock like materials in your forge. But when those chunks fall in your forge blowing fan they will "clink" around until settling or falling out.
Jeffstan F
Jeffstan F Pirms 21 Stundas
Oxygen not included. Both way applied.
Open your eyes
Open your eyes Pirms 22 Stundām
4:40 the dude in the back lol
Bryan Overton
Bryan Overton Pirms 22 Stundām
"We own practically 90% of the boat" I'm sure that TM div and M div totally agree with that statement.
scubaseppy
scubaseppy Pirms 22 Stundām
Could you burn this in your house in an emergency for heat?
Tom Liu
Tom Liu Pirms 23 Stundām
Destin when not filming: Haha I sabotaged your oxygen supply! See ya! ( is among us dead? )
Nate
Nate Pirms 23 Stundām
Great, now I have the science I need to hide from other humans underwater indefinitely.
Bath Minchew
Bath Minchew Pirms dienas
The amusing spandex biosynthetically grin because comb spectacularly support beside a diligent eyelash. anxious, anxious shears
Jacob DeBerry
Jacob DeBerry Pirms dienas
Can you do a video on nonlinear acoustic lenses and sound bullets?
Wild Mountain Gwendy
Sooo...submarines are filled with really tough nerds. That’s awesome.
Jason Garfitt
Jason Garfitt Pirms dienas
This is a great video
Trevor Johnston
Trevor Johnston Pirms dienas
Is this... like... "legal?" I mean, isn't showing all this stuff kind of like revealing somewhat sensitive information, possibly harmful in the wrong hands? I mean.. shows where and how all the mechanisms for one of the most vital functions keeping our nation's service people *alive*... seems kind of sensitive,
Mr. Gherkin
Mr. Gherkin Pirms dienas
O x y g e n
John Springart
John Springart Pirms dienas
Other than the 2nd Class giving the tour, all I see are CPO's hanging out of doors, how many chiefs are on this boat?!
Michael Lederman
Michael Lederman Pirms dienas
About 40 years ago when I was a teen I bought an Oxygen Welding device from Sears which used a small version of those candles with a red substance on the tip, you'd light them just like you would a match and they burned at a phenomenal rate of heat.
Timothy Jeffiers
Timothy Jeffiers Pirms dienas
Cool stuff
David Nielsen
David Nielsen Pirms dienas
first I felt a little claustrophobic, and then all the security/oversight made me feel strangely guilty
Muscle Head
Muscle Head Pirms dienas
The willing wrench ethnically knock because jaw resultantly murder afore a super golf. tacit, perfect iris
SlipKnighT09
SlipKnighT09 Pirms dienas
Because subscribing to a new channel is like a breath of fresh air
Test Test
Test Test Pirms dienas
"So you're gonna light it?" "No, you are." That's why you do not conceal enthusiasm. So then good people can let you have fun.
siren synapse
siren synapse Pirms dienas
Only God can make oxygen, beotch.
Daniel Curtis
Daniel Curtis Pirms dienas
I could be wrong but I believe NaOH can work for scrubbing CO2. I always thought lithium hydroxide was used because it’s the lightest available hydroxide available. And on a boat or in space I hear weight is a bit of an issue...
Dan Ostrom
Dan Ostrom Pirms dienas
so what do they do with the salt (NaCl) that is left over from process?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Pirms 5 Stundām
Out with the garbage.
Willywamo
Willywamo Pirms dienas
Thumbnail looks like a KitKat made of air
Noah Manji
Noah Manji Pirms dienas
No ones talking about what they thought the title in the thumbnail meant
Samuel Lipscomb
Samuel Lipscomb Pirms dienas
Thank you.
budgiefriend
budgiefriend Pirms dienas
How about a small break? 🐒 @ :-)
Johan Faas
Johan Faas Pirms dienas
The hydrogen created in the oxigen process is thrown over board....
Drunk Astronaut
Drunk Astronaut Pirms dienas
Can you do a video on the “ Tennis Racquet Theorem” aka “Dzhanibekov Effect”
Chris Hayes
Chris Hayes Pirms dienas
Can anyone comment on how often leaks occur?
sffsd sfsf
sffsd sfsf Pirms dienas
The illustrious clover immunophenotypically grease because bean interestedly complain with a broken fish. female fertile, interesting diploma
Ptao Tom
Ptao Tom Pirms dienas
He's looks so young yet knows every little detail when questioned. Props to Dow from Ohio
Darth Vaper
Darth Vaper Pirms dienas
I'm guessing this at 50 seconds into the video, I'm guessing they use electrolysis of water to separate the hydrogen and Oxygen and then they either vent or use the hydrogen somewhere else and maybe the pressure of the oxygen forces the CO2 to the bottom of the sub where it's stored or vented
Ptao Tom
Ptao Tom Pirms dienas
Plug.. Hole😂😂😂
kuddi B
kuddi B Pirms dienas
Me bring in the army I know for sure the the CO&XO was like don’t embarrass us on this sub 😂
Noname Lolnonono
Noname Lolnonono Pirms dienas
Because they make there own 😂😂
Ryan Krystowski
Ryan Krystowski Pirms dienas
This channel makes me smarter...every day!
jackvonpit the last
jackvonpit the last Pirms dienas
This guy could be in the international space station in a matter of years. Love the videos
Hazy Skies
Hazy Skies Pirms dienas
I came into this video thinking for sure it was electrolysis from the seawater, but you completely blew my mind when I learned chlorine gas would've also been produced from this reaction. Now I'm *very* interested to hear how they do it. Perhaps by somehow removing the carbon from the CO² to produce O²? Guess I'll find out... **Presses play again**
Hazy Skies
Hazy Skies Pirms dienas
Oxygen producing candles... ... ... ... Nope, I got nothing. I'm speechless.
Hazy Skies
Hazy Skies Pirms dienas
Oh, so it *is* still electrolysis, just after filtration... Well that's a little disappointing, oh well :/
Riadul Islam
Riadul Islam Pirms dienas
Can they use the oxygen candle in hospitals for covid patients, as many hospitals around the world are running low on bottled oxygen?
Alex Fox
Alex Fox Pirms dienas
use the oxygen candle for deep diving!
Alex Fox
Alex Fox Pirms dienas
Devin keeps using all the oxygen!
MrAnthism
MrAnthism Pirms dienas
No windows? Not a job for me!!!
Poop Smith
Poop Smith Pirms dienas
Electrolysis would be my guess. Tons of surrounding water, tons of electricity because you have a reactor, and you're already using some for desalinization.
Marco Badici
Marco Badici Pirms dienas
Russian scientists: "write that down, write it down"
Clasmir
Clasmir Pirms dienas
You had all my respect until I saw your running outfit. Dude... :) lol
Flowmasta Flam
Flowmasta Flam Pirms dienas
sure, sniff away.
Marc C
Marc C Pirms dienas
i feel like every crew is a scientist lol
Leonidas
Leonidas Pirms dienas
Honestly the guy who is explaining the oxygen levels ( 2:50 ) on the ship is a terrible teacher. Why couldn’t an officer or even a nco explain this? Anyways, awesome video.
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Pirms 5 Stundām
He’s an NCO, or as we call them in the Navy, a Petty Officer. He’s an E5, and seemed to know what he’s talking about.
j abe
j abe Pirms dienas
Plug.. Hole😂😂😂
Jacob Ellinger
Jacob Ellinger Pirms dienas
this might be a weird question but do subs have procedures for bed bug infestations and also what preventative measures do they have in place?
Nikola Stanisic
Nikola Stanisic Pirms dienas
- It can monitor our atmosphere, oxygen... - So it is in the middle of the boat? - y..yes *taking notes in russian*
James Null
James Null Pirms dienas
So very informative!!! Thank you for posting this video. 🇺🇸
Jade Mills
Jade Mills Pirms dienas
Are you kidding ME! Princince is the best little Lab ever!
Erik Thompson
Erik Thompson Pirms dienas
Destin... Huge fan.. love what you do, but I was concerned that you suggested sprinkling LiOH on the bunks. I'm not sure what form this LiOH is in, but it looks like pure LiOH is pretty toxic (3 out of 4 on the Health Hazard scale) along the lines of NaOH (Lye). Might be interesting to see what we could learn about how this danger is contained. Maybe "the professor" (Martyn Poliakoff) at Periodic Videos might have something to say.
Nic Ferrier
Nic Ferrier Pirms 2 dienām
I've got a really cool idea for a video. I'll try to make it as short a possible. The idea is basically catching a snowflake turn from solid to liquid then to gas all in one slow motion shot. I believe you could do this by lowering the atmospheric pressure and increasing the heat inside vs outside. I believe I witnessed this and would love to recreate it and see it in detail.
malcoperegrantus
malcoperegrantus Pirms 2 dienām
you should not feature so many things that are intended to kill people
Bobby Bologna
Bobby Bologna Pirms 2 dienām
those oxygen candles are so neat, i had no idea
Bobby Bologna
Bobby Bologna Pirms 2 dienām
8:09 and just like that I know "Reverse Osmosis" hahaha! Never heard Destin NOT want to explain something before, hilarious.
Jeremiah Lim
Jeremiah Lim Pirms 2 dienām
50 million uninsured Americans will use VXPASS smart phone app...BSV coin to track their vaccination on double dosage injection. This is first time crypto currency is employed to track uninsured patients who do not have health record documents. I already bought $100000 worth of BSV coin as the future technology to rule America..
Fabulous Onwudebe
Fabulous Onwudebe Pirms 2 dienām
4:30 why is there 2 red eys?
juicyNathan
juicyNathan Pirms 2 dienām
Спасибо за видео, коммент для продвижения канала
นพดล ดวงแก้ว
How i make my house cleaned as the submarine?
some irish fella
some irish fella Pirms 2 dienām
This Channels gotta be the most informative channel about absolutely everything , and what I love the most is how he will ask can you show me can we see this , not just in this video but all of them he really wants to squeeze the most out of it all for us , and he's a total gentleman and the videos he makes with the kids in them are too wholesome 🙂
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